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In northern Hardin district, the upper member of the Judith is indistinguishable from Bearpaw strata. Thickness about 865 feet as exposed east of Hardin, Montana. Middle part of Bearpaw includes bentonite beds V, W, and X and is equivalent to Monument Hill bentonitic member of Pierre shale of the Black Hills.The Pierre Shale yields one fossil turtle species, the marine turtle Archelon sp. Further exploration of the Cretaceous strata of New Mexico, especially the Crevasse Canyon and Menefee formations ...In a broad sense, "nautiloid" refers to a major cephalopod subclass or collection of subclasses ( Nautiloidea sensu lato ). Nautiloids are typically considered one of three main groups of cephalopods, along with the extinct ammonoids (ammonites) and living coleoids (such as squid, octopus, and kin). While ammonoids and coleoids are monophyletic ...Previous work Pierre Shale During the construction of the Oahe Dam on the Missouri River 16 km northwest of Pierre, South Dakota (fig. 1), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers observed time-dependent vertical ground offsets up to 0.3 m in the flat-lying Pierre Shale (smectitic clay shale) that crops out extensively in the region.Assigned as a member of Pierre Shale in eastern ND in Williston basin. No type locality designated. Named Odanah Beds in Manitoba and treated as a member of Riding Mountain Formation. In Pembina Mountain area of northeastern ND, the soft DeGrey Member of Pierre is overlain conformably by hard, light-gray siliceous shale that contains ...A geotechnical investigation of the Pierre Shale near Hayes, South Dakota, was conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey as a basis for evaluating problems in deep excavations into that formation. The physical and mechanical properties of the shale were determined through use of core holes drilled to a maximum depth of 184 m. In situ borehole determinations included a gravimeter survey ...Underneath the Pierre Shale is the Dakota Sandstone, which is a source of water near the outcrop/subcrop areas on the western limb of the basin. In their respective outcrop areas, Denver Basin aquifers are unconfined (under water table conditions), whereas in the deeper parts of the basin, the aquifers become confined due to intervening layers ...In a broad sense, "nautiloid" refers to a major cephalopod subclass or collection of subclasses ( Nautiloidea sensu lato ). Nautiloids are typically considered one of three main groups of cephalopods, along with the extinct ammonoids (ammonites) and living coleoids (such as squid, octopus, and kin). While ammonoids and coleoids are monophyletic ...Main page; Contents; Current events; Random article; About Wikipedia; Contact us; DonateThe Dissertation Committee for Talal Mohammad AL-Bazali Certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE MEMBRANE BEHAVIOR OFFor example, the Pierre Shale formation can be recognized across the Great Plains, from New Mexico to North Dakota. The famous White Cliffs of Dover in southwest England can be matched to similar white cliffs in Denmark and Germany. A second clue could be the presence of a key bed, or a particularly distinctive layer of rock that can be ...The Pierre shale sample was extracted from blocks obtained from a Colorado quarry (Cerasi et al., 2017), and further cored to make cylindrical plugs from which fragments were detached and stored in air at room temperature. The sample was glued onto a pin and mounted on a goniometer head with its bedding-plane normal essentially co-aligned with ...Oct. 23 (UPI) -- Chevron, one of the world's leading oil producers, announced on Monday it entered into an agreement to purchase Hess Corp. for $53 billion in an all-stock transaction. Chevron ...The remains of Elasmosaurus were located by Turner at McAllaster Butte in the 'middle' or 'organic-rich shale' unit of the Sharon Springs Member (Zone of Baculites asperformis, lower Middle Campanian) of the Pierre Shale, Logan County, Kansas (Gill, Cobban, and Shultz, 1972).The middle unit is about 27 m (90 ft.) thick and extends upward to within 3 m (10 ft.) of the contact with the ...The Bearpaw Formation, also called the Bearpaw Shale, is a geologic formation of Late Cretaceous age.It outcrops in the U.S. state of Montana, as well as the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, and was named for the Bear Paw Mountains in Montana. It includes a wide range of marine fossils, as well as the remains of a few dinosaurs.It is known for its fossil ammonites, some of which ...The test was conducted in Cretaceous-age Pierre Shale in central South Dakota, USA. The shale at the site is saturated, has a permeability of 10-20 to 10-21?m 2, and is 70-80% clay, of which ...the Pierre Shale on the reservation. The geology and methods of mining and processing this sub-economic mineral resource have been studied extensively; technologically, extraction of manga­ nese is possible. However, development of this resource is unlikely barring a national emergency or prices that are many times higher than at pres­ ent.Sharon Springs shale member of Pierre shale. Basal member of Pierre shale in Wallace County, northwestern Kansas, and its lithology differs widely from that of rest of formation. Upper 65 feet consists of flaky, somewhat bituminous black shale and, rarely, porous light-gray shale, both with abundant fish scales, gigantic septarian and smaller ...Chalk beds in the Pierre Shale at Old Baldy in eastern Boyd County, Nebraska, to the west of a county road from Nebraska Highway 12 to the Missouri River valley, p. 28 5. An exposure of loess at the Star School Hill Prairie Conservation Area, U.S. Highway 275, 1.5 miles south of the Iowa-Missouri border, Atchison County, Missouri, p. 8 13a.For the shale intervals, where no permeability data are available, we used a range of values from the analogous Pierre Shale (western United States), which has been relatively well studied in this ...Underneath the Pierre Shale is the Dakota Sandstone, which is a source of water near the outcrop/subcrop areas on the western limb of the basin. In their respective outcrop areas, Denver Basin aquifers are unconfined (under water table conditions), whereas in the deeper parts of the basin, the aquifers become confined due to intervening layers ...Cephalopod assemblages in the Pierre Shale strongly support a persistent interchange with southern taxa, indicating a sizable Late Maastrichtian corridor to the Gulf of Mexico (13) that lasted ...The Odanah Member of the Pierre Shale in southwestern Manitoba is a porcelanite of Late Cretaceous (Campanian) age that was deposited on the eastern platform area of the Western Interior Seaway. Odanah sediments were derived from erosion of preexisting sediments in the Cordilleran areas to the west, from contemporaneous volcanism, and from ...a) Carrot River Area SMNH Locality 63E03-0001 Geology and Invertebrate Bioslratigraphy The stratigraphically oldest locality is a 1 to 2 m thick exposure along the Carrot River. It is made up of soft, carbonaceous dark shale characteristic of the Belle Fourche Member of the Ashville Formation (McNeil and Caldwell, 1981).The Elk Butte Member of the Pierre Shale of southeast South Dakota and northeast Nebraska yields a late Maastrichtian cephalopod fauna of nautiloids, belemnites and ammonites of theFeletzkytes nebrascensisZone, best known from the near-shore facies of the Fox Hills Formation.ThenebrascensisZone is the highest distinct marine assemblage that can be recognised in the Western Interior, although ...the Ohio Shale of Devonian age in northern Ohio and the Devonian- Mississippian Ellsworth Shale, and Mississippian Coldwater Shale in Michigan. In the Rocky Mountain states, the Pierre Shale and other thick shales of Late Cretaceous age are also potential host rocks. INTRODUCTION This report is one of a series prepared by the U.S. GeologicalThe Pierre Shale consists of interbedded marine shale and sandstone representing nearly continuous marine sedimentation during Late Cretaceous time. The Pierre Shale and time-equivalent marine units in the western interior United States contain 28 ammonite range zones. The ammonites show such rapid evolution and such wide geographic extent that their range zones are useful for time-stratigraphic cThe Pierre Shale, which is divided into identifiable sedimentary beds called members, also contains abundant fossils of numerous species of ammonites, ancestors of the chambered nautilus. The fossils, when combined with geologic mapping, allow the various exposed sections of the Pierre Shale to be pieced together in their proper relative ...Pierre Shale are based on heights of peaks on diffractometer traces of unoriented powder samples. Conversion factors are derived from X-ray analyses of prepared mixtures, from weight loss due to solution by dilute acid of carbonate minerals in Pierre samples, and from comparison of X-ray and chemical ...The purpose of this reconnaissance is to assess the potential of the Pierre Shale, of Late Cretaceous age, as a possible isolation medium for radioactive wastes. The regional stratigraphic and structural setting of the Pierre Shale in the northern Great Plains is summarized from subsurface data. Geologic attributes mapped and employed in the identification of areas warranting further evaluatioOil Shale Extraction - Oil shale extraction is more complicated than crude oil extraction; it includes the extra steps of retorting and refining. Read about oil shale extraction. Advertisement The process of extracting liquid crude oil from...Underneath the Pierre Shale is the Dakota Sandstone, which is a source of water near the outcrop/subcrop areas on the western limb of the basin. In their respective outcrop areas, Denver Basin aquifers are unconfined (under water table conditions), whereas in the deeper parts of the basin, the aquifers become confined due to intervening layers ...Oct. 23, 2023 Updated 7:14 a.m. ET. Chevron, the U.S. energy giant, said Monday that it had agreed to acquire Hess, a medium-sized rival, in an all-stock deal valued at $53 billion. The deal marks ...In subsurface, Shannon sand bodies are encased in shale which provides a seal for stratigraphic traps from which oil is produced at several oil fields including Heldt Draw, Hartzog Draw, and Teapot Dome. Equivalent to Groat Sandstone Bed of Gammon Ferruginous Member of Pierre Shale in eastern part of basin. Thickness of Shannon reservoirs are 2 ...Shale forms from the pressure of layers of sediment compressing bits of silt that settle into the clay on the bottom of bodies of water. The compressed clay and silt become shale over time. Shale is a sedimentary rock.Fossils in the Cody Shale and similar black shales of the intermountain west (e.g. Pierre Shale) are generally found in concretions. The concretions from this Casper site, called "27th and McKinley", have produced numerous inoceramids and some baculites, but fossils at this site are also found in the shale itself.The Elk Butte Member of the Pierre Shale of southeast South Dakota and northeast Nebraska yields a late Maastrichtian cephalopod fauna of nautiloids, belemnites and ammonites of theFeletzkytes nebrascensisZone, best known from the near-shore facies of the Fox Hills Formation.ThenebrascensisZone is the highest distinct marine assemblage that can be recognised in the Western Interior, although ...The Pierre Shale in particular is known for hosting slumps, and many of the outcrops studied are associated with steeper slopes produced by recent erosion, and so a critical endeavor in the field is to distinguish mass wasting-related slip surfaces from faults that formed in the subsurface and are unrelated to surface topography. In the field ...FIGURE 14. Hoploscaphites macer, macroconch. A–D. BHI 4346, AMNH loc. 3278, Baculites grandis Zone, Pierre Shale, Weston County, Wyoming. A, Right lateral; B ...The Pierre Shale is a massive formation that underlays many Front Range cities, Denver, and much of the eastern plain of Colorado. This unit was formed by the continued transgression of the interior seaway that flooded eastern Colorado during the Cretaceous period. Shale is formed in deep, calm marine water, and is basically mud and silt turned ...The thick Pierre Shale Fm (~650 m thick; 72.1-83.6 Ma BP) directly underlies the tills. It consists of non-calcareous, grey to dark grey, hard, high plasticity silt and clay 14 .Pierre Shale, division of Upper Cretaceous rocks in the United States (the Cretaceous Period lasted from about 146 million to 65.5 million years ago). Named for exposures studied near old Fort Pierre, S.D., the Pierre Shale occurs in South Dakota , Montana , Colorado , Minnesota, New Mexico , Wyoming, and Nebraska.Lithology, reservoir properties, and burial history of portion of Gammon Shale (Cretaceous), southwestern North Dakota. Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull., 65 (1981), pp. 1146-1159. View in Scopus Google Scholar. ... Origin and source-rock potential of the Sharon Springs Member of the Pierre Shale, Colorado and Kansas. Woodward J., Meissner F.F ...FIGURE 24. Hoploscaphites macer, microconchs. A-D. YPM 35657, YPM loc. A4745, Baculites baculus or B. grandis Zone, Pierre Shale, Niobrara County, Wyoming. A, Right ...CERAWeek by S&P Global. By Naomi Klinge - Reporter, Houston Business Journal. Oct 23, 2023. Chevron Corp. (NYSE: CVX) has agreed to acquire New York-based Hess Corp. (NYSE: HES) in an all-stock ...A wavelet at a given distance away from a source is visibly smoother and of longer duration than is a wavelet closer to the source. For example, in the Pierre Shale in Colorado, a tenfold loss of amplitude occurs between 10 Hz and 70 Hz, and frequencies above 100 Hz are lost substantially. Many rocks are less attenuating than the Pierre Shale.The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force Civil Engineering Center, investigated the use of surface geophysical methods to delineate the top of the Cretaceous Pierre Shale along survey transects in selected areas within and near Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota. Two complementary geophysical methods—electrical resistivity and passive seismic—were used along ...FIGURE 14. Hoploscaphites macer, macroconch. A–D. BHI 4346, AMNH loc. 3278, Baculites grandis Zone, Pierre Shale, Weston County, Wyoming. A, Right lateral; B ...Studies of laboratory-treated Na +-smectite and Pierre Shale and natural thermo-mature gas shale indicate that, large quantities of silica are released during clay mineral transformation to form quartz cement (within a closed shale system). Two types of quartz cement are recorded in lab treated samples; granular silica, formed with all lab treated samples (Na +-smectite and Pierre Shale) at ...The Sharon Springs Member of the Pierre Shale, usually described as a stagnant-basin deposit, shares more features in common with upwelling zones than with stratified stagnant basins. Specifically, the overall facies distribution of the Sharon Springs includes a basin-ward zone of laminated, highly organic-rich strata bounded on the west by ...Economic geology. The Vermejo Formation is an historically important coal-bearing formation. Mining began in 1870 in the rich Raton coal bed near the base of the Vermejo Formation. [5] The bed contained bituminous coals of coking quality. These were being extensively exploited by 1924 [4] but the beds were largely exhausted by 1965.A left side view of the skull of a large Mosasaurus missouriensis in the KU Museum of Natural History. In this section, I have placed pictures of some of the remaining genera of mosasaurs. Mosasaurus occurs later in the deposition of the Pierre Shale (early Campanian time). It was a very large mosasaur, reaching lengths of greater than 12 meters.Gregory Member of Pierre Shale extended into eastern North Dakota. Described from a section (reference section of Pierre Shale), near Little Yellowstone Park, Barnes County, North Dakota. There, is divisible into a lower 53 feet-thick unit of calcareous and non-calcareous shale containing yellowish-brown ironstone concretions, and an upper 55 ...Elasmosaurus is known from the Pierre Shale formation, which represents marine deposits from the Western Interior Seaway. History of study Officers at Fort Wallace, Kansas, in 1867. Turner, who the same year discovered Elasmosaurus in the area, is second from left. Black opaline spiculite, gray to black shale, yellow-brown to grayThe Raton basin in New Mexico contains up to 4700 ft o The hydraulic barrier was simplified into a single unit with hydrogeologic characteristics representative of the Pierre Shale. The hydraulic barrier was assigned a diffusivity of 10 −8 m 2 /s in all model simulations based on parameters derived from a field scale osmosis study (Garavito et al., 2006 ) and adjusted for a temperature and ...Sat, 04/12/2008 - 08:38 AM. The shale party is swelling. The latest shale play to cross my desk is Pioneer Natural Resources' Pierre play in the Raton Basin. Pioneer bought Denver's Evergreen Resources a few years back, and Evergreen had developed a very nice coalbed-methane business in the Raton Basin, mainly in the Vermejo and Raton coals. General Information. Title: The Red Bird section of Pierre shale: Measured elastic properties are listed in Table 4 while mineralogy and porosity are mentioned in section 2.1 in Szewczyk et al. (2019). D2, B3, and B4 shales: Restrictions apply to the general availability of the Data from SINTEF that support the results of this study (D2, B3, and B4 shales), which were generated under the ...Member of the Pierre Shale. Gives detailed reference locality [section] of the Pierre Shale at Red Bird, sec 13, T38N, R62W and sec 18, T38N, R61W, Niobrara Co, WY in the Powder River basin. Consists of hard, platy-weathering gray shale that contains a few layers of red-weathering siderite concretions and several thin beds of nonswelling bentonite. The Dissertation Committee for Talal Mohammad ...

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The Cretaceous Pierre Shale formation of the United States and Canada is well known for the abundant ammonite fauna it yields, including...

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28-Dec-2019 ... Fauna of the Pierre Shale. 182 Favourites 7.1K Views. hesperornispierreprehistoricshaletylosaurusarchelonxip...

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The Pierre Shale represents deposition from this marine environment. Well-preserved fossils are som...

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The purpose of data collection was to create generalized contour maps of Pierre Shale elevation a...

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